A heartfelt “Thank You” to Marcia Montenegro, Jay Medenwaldt, Alisa Childers, Krista Bontrager, Melissa Dougherty, CRI, Dr. Christopher Berg, Cultish, and Apologetics315 for all of the research they have undertaken regarding this topic! An earlier post pertaining to the Enneagram was written in June of 2020.
“As Christians, it is important to investigate any new practice or teaching prior to use, and the Enneagram is no different.”Dr. Christopher Berg
Contrary to claims made by Cron, Stabile, Rohr, and Heuertz, the Enneagram does not have ancient roots, nor is it Christian. Far from it, actually! The diagram itself was constructed by a mystic named George Gurdjieff in the early 1900s, and the types attached were assigned in the late 1960s. How did Claudio Naranjo produce these numbers/types/traits? Naranjo confesses via the video below that he derived each trait predominately through Automatic Writing. This means that Naranjo received the enneatypes via channeling Spirit Guides. These spirits do not have God’s interests in mind, nor what is best in terms of our salvation, healing, and/or growth. (Col 2:8; 1 Tim 4:1)
With all of this in view, the promotion of the Enneagram as Christian is misleading and deceptive. The ancient wisdom advertised by the authors above (and others) is not Biblical wisdom, but is instead a pragmatic syncretism of various spiritual doctrines pointing heavily to a Gnostic worldview. Ladies, when an author takes scripture out of context and then slaps it upon a New Age tool, it does not make it Christian. No more than, per G.K. Chesterton, “standing in a garage makes someone a car.” This is important!
Please take this hypothetical situation into account: What if someone brought these tarot cards to your son or daughter at school, quoted some Bible verses, and then proclaimed that God would speak through them? Would you approve? This example might seem drastically different from the Enneagram, but it isn’t. The genetic fallacy doesn’t work regarding this tool.
If the occult origin of the Ennegram isn’t enough to deter you, what about the lack of psychological reliability and validity attached to the Enneatypes? For more on this, please view Jay Medenwaldt’s research (videos and links are included below) regarding the psychometric underpinnings of the Enneagram. When we combine Jay’s findings with Claudio Naranjo’s confession, we arrive at the same conclusion held by Theology Mom, Krista Bontrager:
“In sum, I think the best we can say is that the Enneagram is unsubstantiated pseudo-science. At worst, it might be a demonically inspired framework.”Krista Bontrager, Explosion of the Enneagram Among Evangelicals
Concisely stated, the Enneagram was birthed by New Age practices and philosophy, is promoted in churches by means of Pragmatism (“whatever works”), and is considered pseudoscience when examined scientifically. Sisters, the New Age Movement is not anything new. It’s an age old belief that humanity is equal with God and that knowing our god-ness is whet the journey is all about. To the New Age thinker, Jesus was a highly evolved human, created as we are, but not Lord (as Jesus claimed). In the New Age, looking inward for spiritual guidance is how someone matures (“Enlightenment”). Gals, this isn’t Biblical. Looking inward only gets our minds set upon ourselves…our own reasonings and emotional perspectives. And ladies, that matters immensely! For what we focus upon often consumes us, and what consumes us, ultimately leads us. And what leads us, inevitably rules our hearts. Whether it’s a personality type, an academic degree, or the amount of likes we receive on Instagram,…what we admire most essentially sits on the throne of our hearts.
Please pray about this for a moment. What consumes your thoughts and guides your steps? Are you defined it a number, or are you trusting what God’s Word (Scripture) says? You see, it all comes down to Jesus, and who He claimed to be. And who He claimed to be affects how we see the Bible. Please keep reading…as this is at the heart of the matter.
C.S. Lewis in his book, Mere Christianity, articulates it in this way, “I am trying here to prevent anyone saying the really foolish thing that people often say about Him [that is, Christ]: ‘I’m ready to accept Jesus as a great moral teacher, but I don’t accept His claim to be God.’ That is the one thing we must not say. A man who was merely a man and said the sort of things Jesus said would not be a great moral teacher. He would either be a lunatic–on a level with the man who says he is a poached egg–or else he would be the Devil of Hell. You must make your choice. Either this man was, and is, the Son of God: or else a madman or something worse…. You can shut Him up for a fool, you can spit at Him and kill Him as a demon; or you can fall at His feet and call Him Lord and God. But let us not come up with any patronising nonsense about His being a great human teacher. He has not left that open to us. He did not intend to.” Friends, Jesus was a real man who was crucified on a Roman cross and had an empty tomb. More than 500 eyewitnesses saw his resurrected body…several of whom were martyred for what they fervently believed they saw! Ladies, Jesus was not a created being but preeminent and before all things. He is Lord! We need to take this seriously.
Now, that we’ve acknowledged Jesus’s claims, how does His Lordship affect how we view the Bible? Jesus said that the Old Testament scriptures point to Him, (John 5:39) and the Apostle John called Jesus the Word of God. (John 1:1-18) Gals, Jesus valued God’s Words and so should we! And what we learn through reading the scriptures is that belonging to God is a gift God provides freely through the cross and resurrection of Jesus. When you put your complete trust in Christ, you not only acknowledge that He is God, but you choose His Lordship over your own pursuit of lordship. You exchange a self-focused life for a “mind set upon things above where God is.” (Colossians 3)
You see, your new identity in Christ isn’t earned nor is it discovered through a number. Who someone is, is 100% received through the Grace God gives. It’s a gift! You were once a slaved to sin with a heart bent toward self, but after submitting it all at the cross, you were set free! Free to know God! You are a brand new creation in Jesus because of His work on the cross (John 1:12). Look to Him alone (in prayer) Sister, and put your full trust in His words (Scripture)! We have a sin problem and the only way back to God is through the Gospel God gives. God’s got this!
“I have been crucified with Christ. It is no longer I who live, but Christ who lives in me. And the life I now live in the flesh I live by faith in the Son of God, who loved me and gave Himself for me.”Galatians 2:20
History, Biblical Perspectives, and Psychometrics
More Christian Resources
- The Enneagram Interview Transcript with Dr. Christopher Berg ✏️
- The Fictions and Facts of the Enneagram by Marcia Montenegro
- Claudio Naranjo’s confession regarding the enneatypes 🎞
- Christian Answers for the New Age (Webpage) 🔍
- Christian Answers for the New Age (Facebook): https://m.facebook.com/FormerNewAger/ 🔍
- The Enneagram GPS: The Gnostic Path to Self , By Marcia Montenegro ✏️
- The Enneagram, Science, and Christianity, By Jay Mendenwaldt (Part 1)✏️
- Is the Enneagram Legitimate for Spiritual Growth? By Jay M. (Part 2) ✏️
- Explosion of the Enneagram Among Evangelicals, By Krista Bontrager ✏️
- The Enneagram Goes to Church and the Angels Are Not Rejoicing, By Marcia Montenegro ✏️
- Apologetics315 with Marcia Montenegro 🎞🎙
- Tell Me Who I Am, O Enneagram, by CRI ✏️
- What is Christ Consciousness? By GotQuestions ✏️
- New Age: Real Concerns for the Church ✏️
- Is Bethel Church Promoting New Age Ideas? Krista Bontrager and Melissa Dougherty 🎞
- Enneagram and the Church – Video Playlist 🎞
- Who is Richard Rohr?✏️
- What is Panentheism? Childers and Montenegro 🎙
- “The Uniqueness of Jesus Christ Among the Major World Religions,” by Dr. Gary Habermas ✏️
Deuteronomy 18:9-14 “When you come into the land that the Lord your God is giving you, you shall not learn to follow the abominable practices of those nations. There shall not be found among you anyone who burns his son or his daughter as an offering, anyone who practices divination or tells fortunes or interprets omens, or a sorcerer or a charmer or a medium or a necromancer or one who inquires of the dead, for whoever does these things is an abomination to the Lord. And because of these abominations the Lord your God is driving them out before you. You shall be blameless before the Lord your God, for these nations, which you are about to dispossess, listen to fortune-tellers and to diviners. But as for you, the Lord your God has not allowed you to do this.”
Acts 19:18-20 “Also many of those who were now believers came, confessing and divulging their practices. And a number of those who had practiced magic arts brought their books together and burned them in the sight of all. And they counted the value of them and found it came to fifty thousand pieces of silver. So the word of the Lord continued to increase and prevail mightily.” *Post Resurrection
Colossians 2:6-8 “Therefore, as you received Christ Jesus the Lord, so walk in him, rooted and built up in him and established in the faith, just as you were taught, abounding in thanksgiving. See to it that no one takes you captive by philosophy and empty deceit, according to human tradition, according to the elemental spirits of the world, and not according to Christ (Jesus).” *Paul may have been addressing Gnosticism here.
2 Corinthians 11:13-15 “For such men are false apostles, deceitful workmen, disguising themselves as apostles of Christ. And no wonder, for even Satan disguises himself as an angel of light. So it is no surprise if his servants, also, disguise themselves as servants of righteousness. Their end will correspond to their deeds.” *Test every message alongside Scripture.
Matthew 24:24 “Then if anyone says to you, ‘Look, here is the Christ!’ or ‘There he is!’ do not believe it. For false christs and false prophets will arise and perform great signs and wonders, so as to lead astray, if possible, even the elect…” *Jesus speaking
Jeremiah 14:14 “And the Lord said to me: “The prophets are prophesying lies in my name. I did not send them, nor did I command them or speak to them. They are prophesying to you a lying vision, worthless divination, and the deceit of their own minds.”
1 Corinthians 15 “Now I would remind you, brothers, of the gospel I preached to you, which you received, in which you stand,2 and by which you are being saved, if you hold fast to the word I preached to you—unless you believed in vain. 3 For I delivered to you as of first importance what I also received: that Christ died for our sins in accordance with the Scriptures,4 that he was buried, that he was raised on the third day in accordance with the Scriptures,5 and that he appeared to Cephas, then to the twelve. 6 Then he appeared to more than five hundred brothers at one time, most of whom are still alive, though some have fallen asleep.7 Then he appeared to James, then to all the apostles. 8 Last of all, as to one untimely born, he appeared also to me…”
Galatians 2:20 “I have been crucified with Christ. It is no longer I who live, but Christ who lives in me. And the life I now live in the flesh I live by faith in the Son of God, who loved me and gave himself for me.”
1 John 4:1-3 “Beloved, do not believe every spirit, but test the spirits to see whether they are from God, for many false prophets have gone out into the world. By this you know the Spirit of God: every spirit that confesses that Jesus Christ has come in the flesh is from God, and every spirit that does not confess Jesus is not from God. This is the spirit of the antichrist, which you heard was coming and now is in the world already.”
Hebrews 1:1-2 ”Long ago, at many times and in many ways, God spoke to our fathers by the prophets, but in these last days he has spoken to us by his Son, whom he appointed the heir of all things, through whom also he created the world.”
James 1:5 “If any of you lacks wisdom, let him ask God, who gives generously to all without reproach, and it will be given him.”
2 Timothy 3:16 “All Scripture is breathed out by God and profitable for teaching, for reproof, for correction, and for training in righteousness,”
Colossians 3:1-3 “If then you have been raised with Christ, seek the things that are above, where Christ is, seated at the right hand of God. Set your minds on things that are above, not on things that are on earth. For you have died, and your life is hidden with Christ in God.”
John 14:6 Jesus said to him, “I am the way, and the truth, and the life. No one comes to the Father except through me.
Matthew 24:24 “For false christs and false prophets will arise and perform great signs and wonders, so as to lead astray, if possible, even the elect.”
Ephesians 5:11 “Take no part in the unfruitful works of darkness, but instead expose them.”
2 Timothy 3:2 “For people will be lovers of self, lovers of money, proud, arrogant, abusive, disobedient to their parents, ungrateful, unholy,”
1 Thessalonians 5:21-22 “But test everything; hold fast what is good. Abstain from every form of evil.”
Proverbs 3:5-7 “5 Trust in the Lord with all your heart, and do not lean on your own understanding. In all your ways acknowledge Him, and He will make straight your paths. Be not wise in your own eyes; fear the Lord, and turn away from evil.
Colossians 2:8 “See to it that no one takes you captive by philosophy and empty deceit, according to human tradition, according to the elemental spirits of the world, and not according to Christ.”
Peter 1:20-21 “But know this first of all, that no prophecy of Scripture is a matter of one’s own interpretation, for no prophecy was ever made by an act of human will, but men moved by the Holy Spirit spoke from God.”
1 Peter 1:10-12 “Concerning this salvation, the prophets who prophesied about the grace that was to be yours searched and inquired carefully, inquiring what person or time the Spirit of Christ in them was indicating when he predicted the sufferings of Christ and the subsequent glories. It was revealed to them that they were serving not themselves but you, in the things that have now been announced to you through those who preached the good news to you by the Holy Spirit sent from heaven, things into which angels long to look.”
Ephesians 2:1-10 “And you were dead in the trespasses and sins in which you once walked, following the course of this world, following the prince of the power of the air, the spirit that is now at work in the sons of disobedience— among whom we all once lived in the passions of our flesh, carrying out the desires of the body and the mind, and were by nature children of wrath, like the rest of mankind. But God, being rich in mercy, because of the great love with which he loved us, even when we were dead in our trespasses, made us alive together with Christ—by grace you have been saved— and raised us up with him and seated us with him in the heavenly places in Christ Jesus, so that in the coming ages he might show the immeasurable riches of his grace in kindness toward us in Christ Jesus. For by grace you have been saved through faith. And this is not your own doing; it is the gift of God, not a result of works, so that no one may boast. For we are his workmanship, created in Christ Jesus for good works, which God prepared beforehand, that we should walk in them.”
Hosea 4:1-3, 5-6 “Hear the word of the Lord, O children of Israel, for the Lord has a controversy with the inhabitants of the land. There is no faithfulness or steadfast love, and no knowledge of God in the land; there is swearing, lying, murder, stealing, and committing adultery; they break all bounds, and bloodshed follows bloodshed. Therefore the land mourns, and all who dwell in it languish, and also the beasts of the field and the birds of the heavens, and even the fish of the sea are taken away. You shall stumble by day; the prophet also shall stumble with you by night; and I will destroy your mother. My people are destroyed for lack of knowledge; because you have rejected knowledge, I reject you from being a priest to me. And since you have forgotten the law of your God, I also will forget your children.”